What’s Regenerative Medicine?

When Adrienne Shapiro’s daughter Marissa was diagnosed with sickle cell disease, the doctors declared that she’d not live till her first birthday. However, when Marissa been able to live past that benchmark, this hadn’t mean eliminate Adrienne’s worries. In fact, it had been the starting of many painful years of blood transfusions and immunological disorders. When an improperly matched blood transfusion caused a severe reaction leading to removing Marissa’s gall bladder and temporary kidney failure, she was struggling to receive further blood transfusions.

However, luckily for Marissa a project sponsored with the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), headed by Don Kohn, MD at UCLA, was creating a medical trial. The aim of the work was ‘to remove bone marrow through the patient and fasten the genetic defect in the blood-forming stem cells. Then those cells may be reintroduced in the patient to create a new, healthy blood system.’The success with this clinical trial has given wish to Adrienne by investing in the assistance regenerative medicine her daughter will be able to lead a normal and pain-free life.

The Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine Center on the University of Wisconsin-Madison describes ‘Regenerative Medicine’ as ‘a new scientific and medical discipline centered on harnessing the potency of stem cells and also the body’s own regenerative capabilities to regenerate function to damaged cells, tissues and organs.’

Stem cells which can be found in the umbilical cord blood of latest born children are able to renew and regenerate themselves. A stem cell, through the means of mitosis, can divide itself to either be a specialized cell like a brain cell or muscle cell, or remain a stem cell. They’re also in a position to repair internal damage brought on by any type of disease, disorder or trauma. Stem cell transplantation, stem cell grafting and regenerative medicine are the methods these cells are used to cure disorders and illnesses.

Regenerative medicine incorporates a massive amount scientific disciplines, like biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology and immunology. Scientists from these fields have been conducting research studies in this domain and still have identified three strategies to using regenerative medicine. These are cellular therapies, tissue engineering and medical devices and artificial organs.

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