When Adrienne Shapiro’s daughter Marissa was clinically determined to have sickle cell disease, the doctors declared that she had not live till her first birthday. However, when Marissa managed to live past that benchmark, this didn’t mean the end of Adrienne’s worries. In fact, it turned out the starting of many painful a lot of blood transfusions and immunological disorders. When an improperly matched blood transfusion caused a severe reaction ultimately causing removing Marissa’s gallbladder and temporary kidney failure, she was unable to receive further blood transfusions.
However, luckily for Marissa a project sponsored with the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM), headed by Don Kohn, MD at UCLA, was starting a medical study. The goal of the work was ‘to remove bone marrow in the patient and fasten the genetic defect inside the blood-forming stem cells. Then those cells might be reintroduced in the patient to create a new, healthy blood system.’The success with this clinical study has provided hope to Adrienne by purchasing the skills regenerative medicine her daughter will be able to lead a normal and pain-free life.
The Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine Center on the University of Wisconsin-Madison describes ‘Regenerative Medicine’ as ‘a new scientific and medical discipline devoted to harnessing the strength of stem cells and the body’s own regenerative capabilities to restore function to damaged cells, tissues and organs.’
Stem cells which might be perfectly located at the umbilical cord blood of new born children manage to renew and regenerate themselves. A stem cell, from the means of mitosis, can divide itself with the idea to become a specialized cell like a brain cell or muscle cell, or remain a stem cell. Fortunately they are capable of repair internal damage brought on by any sort of disease, disorder or trauma. Stem cell transplantation, stem cell grafting and regenerative medicine are one of the ways that these cells are widely-used to cure disorders and illnesses.
Regenerative medicine features a wide range of scientific discipline, for example biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology and immunology. Scientists readily available fields happen to be conducting scientific studies on this domain and still have identified three strategies to using regenerative medicine. They are cellular therapies, tissue engineering and medical devices and artificial organs.
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