Vienna Underground – A Short History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna subway map.

The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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