Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.

The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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