The public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to be acceptable to Vienna underground.
The midst of the Century
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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