The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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