People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, around 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The midst of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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