People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It was an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the very least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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