Vienna Underground – A brief History

People transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Wien Metro.

The midst of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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