The Relation among Dry Eyes and Diabetes

Dry eye syndrome is among hottest diagnosed conditions by eye doctors. Research studies indicate that men and women struggling with diabetes have more than 50% odds of contracting this problem. Symptoms associated with dry eyes include fluctuating vision, burning, itching, scratchy sensation, light sensitivity, redness, and increased eye watering. This issue affects both eyes generally in most situations. However, many diabetic patients might not understand that they may be struggling with this problem. If you are diabetic and facing eye problems, usually do not rush to conclusions yet. Here is what you must know about the relationship between dry eyes and diabetes, plus the treatment options available.


The link between Dry Eyes and Diabetes:

In accordance with research, most cases from the dry eye syndrome associated with diabetes occur as a result of three main factors. They are:

• Peripheral neuropathy
• Insulin insufficiency
• Inflammation
Many eye complications are followed by that relating to type 2 diabetes, ones the redness eyes Disease is one of the most common as a result of improvement in the tear proteins from that relating to the healthy people .Diabetes may damage certain nerves within the body. In the eyes, such damage can block it that controls tear secretion. When this happens, the lacrimal glands don’t produce sufficient tears, resulting in dry eyes. Insulin deficiency is another symptom associated with diabetes. Aside from controlling blood glucose levels, insulin has an major effect, on several glands within the body. In the eyes, lacrimal gland metabolism is affected by insulin. If you have low insulin within the body, the biomechanical balance from the eyes is disrupted causing ocular dryness. Another reaction of diabetes is lacrimal gland inflammation which is as a result of abnormal lacrimal secretion. After this gland is inflamed, tear secretion is affected, which ends up in dry eyes.

Remedial Measures:

The first step towards remedying and preventing dry eyes in individuals with diabetes, is ensuring charge of blood glucose levels. Elevated blood sugar may impact the tear gland as well as response towards dry eyes. Also, increased volume of glucose from the blood may impact the quality of tears, which again ends in dry eyes. Research indicates that dry eye syndrome is a bit more common in diabetic patients who may have poor blood sugar control.

Hospital treatment choices are available too. Various techniques is true, with regards to the underlying cause. Patients may be treatable with artificial tear supplements, which were designed to provide almost the same qualities as the deficient tear components. Blink Tears Lubricating Eye Drops is a such option. Medications which improve the creation of tears from the lacrimal gland may also be taken.

Tear ducts that drain the tears out of the eyes straight to the nose may also be blocked by having tear duct plugs and also laser cautery. Which means that the amount of tears created in the eye area won’t drain fast, keeping the eyes lubricated much longer.

People are also advised to improve cold fish and also other health supplements, that have a greater amount of omega-3 fatty acids. These nutrients improve the quantity and quality of tears. Other means of controlling this problem include increasing the volume of humidity seen in the neighborhood environment, by using moisture goggles or perhaps eyeglasses, which prevent excessive moisture loss through the eyes.

In conclusion, the recent scientific studies have found the prevalence of Dry Eye Disease in individuals with Diabetes

27.7% 1 and because the prevalence of diabetes continues increasing in several countries it is vital for eye care specialists to understand the connection between dry eyes and diabetes. This may make sure that such people are properly diagnosed, treated and managed.

References
1 Najafi et al, 2013 Dry eye as well as correlation to diabetes microvascular complications in individuals with diabetes type 2 symptoms mellitus, Journal of Diabetes and it is Complications.
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